27 Feb 2021

A Glance to the Global City of Sirjan

Sirjan with the ancient name "Shirgan", is one of the most important historical cities of Iran that has maintained its importance for many years before the advent of Islam. This city with 960 kilometers distance from the capital of Iran and 180 kilometers distance from the center of the province, Kerman, has been recognized as an important economic center due to being located at the intersection of Iran's transit axis for many years.

 

Geographical location of Sirjan

Sirjan city is located in west of Kerman province in a vast plain. Two mountain ranges stretch from the Zagros Mountains to the east and west of the city, and the vast Sirjan plain, which covers an area of 18481 square kilometers, is spread between the two mountains. Sirjan is a semi-arid climate with cold, dry winters and mild summers. The city is located at 55 degrees 32 minutes east longitude and 29 degrees 25 minutes north latitude. Sirjan population is 324,103 according to the 1395 census, of which 246,308 live in urban areas, 77,785 live in rural areas, and 10 live in non-residential areas. Sirjan is the second most populous city of Kerman in terms of urban population after the center of the province.

 

Sirjan Cultural Monuments

Because of its ancient history, the city is a collection and museum of various Iranian history which still reflect on its buildings and monuments. Sirjan architecture is one of the most unique types of Iranian windbreakers called the "CHOPOQI" which was built in the early Pahlavi era by modeling the chimneys of ships coming to Bandar Abbas. Also the Stone Castle, the Stone Pulpit, the Ancient Bibidan Hill, the King Firouz Monument, the Tomb of Mirzebir, the Twin Ancient Clay Cooler, the Saeedi Historical Mansion, the Stone Garden, the Salt Lake, alongside a collection of caravans, houses, castles and ancient towers are just a corner of Sirjan's historical and cultural attractions and sightseeing which can take you for hours to the magnificent art and architecture party of a historic city. Sirjan is also one of the most important cities in Iran in the field of handicrafts, and its worldwide registration as the origin of the Shirikipich-Kilim is a testament to this claim.

 

The economic importance of Sirjan

Sirjan is also one of the most important cities in Iran economically. A city that used to be on the Silk Road route, and is now at the center of transit from south to the north of Iran. Golgohar Iron Ore as one of the largest ore mines in the world in Sirjan, as well as the steel companies that have made Sirjan an Iranian steel pole, along with copper mines and special economic zone, are only a part of this city's industrial and economic potential. In the agricultural sector, Sirjan is one of the hub of pistachio production in Iran. 

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